In the 1950’s and 1960’s, the craze of record players was so extreme that almost every person on this planet wanted to have one. At that time the music was sold through the singles chart and record players. After that came the radio players; however these were considered as bulky affairs with valves. Eventually the transistor took over these and finally with the introduction of portable pocket radio, carrying these became much easier.

The popularity of music in these two decades made sure that there was great demand for record players and today antique record players. Gramophone was another name for these antique record players. “Dansette” was a very well known make of gramophone which was found in every music lover’s home until 1960. The teenagers were especially attracted towards these and it became a huge hit with teenagers who used to listen rock and roll frequently. These two decades also marked the modernization of the turntables. Before 1950’s the turntables were operated by a spring driven motor that usually required rewinding for each record played, later came the electric motor which removed the need of rewinding it every time. The quality of the reproduction of sound was greatly increased by the complex system speakers and the high fidelity amplification.


Another popular make of gramophone was the HMV. Their symbol was a famous dog Nipper, which was a mark of quality. These were considered some of the best available in the 1960’s. At the end of 1960’s came the stereo record players. “Champion” was very popular brand manufacturing record players. Its portability was one of the major reasons for its success. A very popular model of “Champion record” player was “BSR turntable”. This was a very common turntable used on record players at the cheap end of the market.

In 1940’s the record was made to be played at a very slow speed, which resulted in the increase in the amount of material that could be recorded in one single disk. These long playing discs were often refereed to as LPs. The stereophonic reproduction was achieved by adapting the phonograph in order to produce two sound channels. The first commercial stereo recording was produced in the year 1957. The records were not only used for listening to music, but they many a times also contained transcriptions of radio broadcasts, talking books and lessons for various topics etc. However since 1990, most of the companies have stopped producing or manufacturing phonographs records in favor or CD’s and audio cassettes.